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Top Rock Formations in Cappadocia

Top Rock Formations in Cappadocia

The curious landscapes of Turkey’s Cappadocia region resulted from thousands of years of volcanic activity, erosion, and human input, which helped shape tuff, a porous rock formed by volcanic debris, into unexpected forms. From formations forged by nature to man-made rock structures, here’s where to find Cappadocia’s top rock formations.

 

Devrent Valley (Imagination Valley)

Devrent Valley is known for its lunar-like landscapes and sculptural rock formations, many of which, despite being the work of nature, appear as though they were shaped by human hands. Look out for fairy chimneys (tall spires of rock topped by a larger, harder piece of rock) and formations that—if you tilt your head at the right angle—resemble animals, including camels and seals.

 

Göreme Open-Air Museum

A must-see site in Cappadocia, Göreme Open-Air Museum is home to a collection of rock-carved churches, chapels, and monasteries created by Byzantine monks. The highlight of the site is Karanlik Kilise, a rock church filled with well-preserved religious frescoes.

 

Underground Cities

While most of Cappadocia’s rock formations are visible above ground, there are also some spectacular subterranean sites. The underground cities of Derinkuyu and Kaymakli feature a network of underground tunnels and rooms carved directly into the volcanic rock.

 

Ihlara Valley

A popular hiking spot in the region, the Ihlara Valley is known for its 8.6-mile (14-kilometer) gorge, which plumb depths of up to 328 feet (100 meters). The red-rock walls of the gorge are steep and sheer in parts, and man-made cave churches are peppered throughout the valley.

 

Three Graces

Also known as the Three Beauties, this trio of fairy chimneys in Ürgüp is one of the most-photographed formations in the region. According to local legend, the stones represent a princess, her shepherd husband, and their child, all of whom were turned to stone—according to the princess’ wishes—after her father, the king, ordered they be killed.

 

Love Valley

The euphemistically named Love Valley is the butt of many jokes, thanks to its cluster of phallic-shaped pillar formations. Formed by the gradual erosion of the soft volcanic rock, some of these pillars reach heights of up to 130 feet (40 meters).

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4 Tours and Activities | All Cappadocia Tours

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Cappadocia Balloon Ride and Champagne Breakfast

Cappadocia Balloon Ride and Champagne Breakfast

star-5
1810
Soar through the skies of Cappadocia on this magical hot-air-balloon tour in Turkey. Choose your flight duration, and ascend into the atmosphere where you can admire the region’s lunar landscape from above. Before your flight, enjoy a buffet breakfast with coffee or tea. No trip to Turkey is complete without treasuring this unforgettable experience.
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  • 3 hours 30 minutes
  • Taking safety measures
From
$121.32
From
$121.32
Taking safety measures

2-Day Cappadocia Trip from Kayseri

2-Day Cappadocia Trip from Kayseri

star-4.5
20
Venture into Turkey’s geologic paradise during a 2-day trip to Cappadocia from Kayseri. During this tour uncover the ancient frescoes at the Open Air Museum in Goreme and see surreal landscape at Goreme National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Visit Pasabagi and Pigeon Valley near Uchisar, Kaymakli and stop at the pottery village of Avanos. Plus, enjoy an optional hot-air balloon ride which soars above Cappadocia's surreal volcanic rock formations for an experience of a lifetime.  
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  • 2 days
  • Taking safety measures
From
$245.00
Price varies by group size
From
$245.00
Price varies by group size
Taking safety measures

Small-Group Cappadocia Tour: Devrent Valley, Monks Valley and Open Air Museum in Goreme

Small-Group Cappadocia Tour: Devrent Valley, Monks Valley and Open Air Museum in Goreme

star-5
8
Marvel at the otherworldly terrain of Cappadocia during this full-day small group guided tour of Devrent Valley, Monks Valley and Göreme Open Air Museum. In Cappadocia explore a landscape abundant with volcanic hills and valleys covered in fairy chimneys and unbelievably shaped monoliths. See the bizarre rock formations of the Pasabag and Devrent Valley and enjoy a lunch which is included. Then, experience pottery-making in Avanos and tour Göreme Open-Air Museum where your will creep into rock-carved churches and chapels for view colorful ancient frescoes. Enjoy personalized attention from your guide on this small-group tour, limited to 20 people.
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  • 8 hours
  • Free Cancellation
  • Taking safety measures
From
$65.00
From
$65.00
Taking safety measures

Day Tour - Ihlara Valley from Cappadocia inc. Derinkuyu Underground City

Day Tour - Ihlara Valley from Cappadocia inc. Derinkuyu Underground City

star-3
4
Explore the magnificent landscape and cultural centers of the Ihlara Valley on this full-day tour in south Cappadocia. Enjoy your journey by air-conditioned coach as you travel through Cappadocia’s compelling ancient landscape with an expert guide. Discover the subterranean world of Derinkuyu Underground City and explore the sacred caverns at Selime Monastery. See if you recognize any scenes from Star Wars in Yaprakhisar and learn about how the Turkish people have lived in unison with the local landscape for thousands of years. 
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  • 8 hours
  • Free Cancellation
  • Taking safety measures
From
$83.71
From
$83.71
Taking safety measures